Protein and fat utilization by humans as affected by calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, and manganese gluconate supplementsAbstract:
The object of this study was to determine the effect of calcium carbonate or calcium phosphate supplements on dietary protein and fat utilization from low and high manganese diets. During the 63-day study, the 14 human adult subjects ate a constant laboratory controlled diet. In separate periods, subjects consumed the basal diet alone or with supplements of calcium carbonate, calcium carbonate plus manganese gluconate, calcium phosphate, or calcium phosphate plus manganese gluconate. Contrast analyses of data indicated that manganese gluconate supplementation of diets, when combined with either calcium phosphate or calcium carbonate, increased fecal losses of fat. When used as single supplements, both calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate depressed fecal fat loss in comparison with values when no supplements were used. Manganese gluconate supplements depressed fecal nitrogen losses calculated as a percentage of dry fecal weight.
PMID 2134547 / S M Potter, C V Kies, A Rojhani