Harnessing the Excellent Mechanical, Barrier and Antimicrobial Properties of Zinc Oxide (ZnO) to Improve the Performance of Starch-based BioplasticAbstract:
The inherent properties of starch which are poor mechanical properties and its hydrophilicity that leads to poor long-term water absorption, fostered the incorporation of additives into starch-based bioplastic to enhance its mechanical and barrier properties. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticle as a lightweight material that is biocompatible, nontoxic, cost-effective and exhibit strong antibacterial activity can be considered as nano reinforcement of starch-based bioplastic. The present work studied the reinforcing effect of ZnO on the physical, mechanical and antibacterial properties of starch-based bioplastic. Bioplastic was prepared by melt-mixing starch and glycerol (3:1, w/w) with ZnO (1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5%, w/w). Bioplastic density and water contact angle increased with the increase of ZnO concentration. Bioplastic with the addition of 4% ZnO showed the lowest moisture content of 3.45%. Moreover, the decomposition temperature of bioplastic with ZnO increased slightly which indicated the higher stability. Mechanical properties evaluation showed that bioplastic with addition of ZnO had higher tensile strength than that without ZnO where 4% ZnO exhibited the highest tensile strength of 10.29 MPa with elongation of 5.69%. Cross-section microstructure after tensile test showed that ZnO was fairly dispersed in starch matrix that implied the increase of the mechanical properties of bioplastic. FTIR spectra exhibited that the intermolecular interaction in bioplastics occurred through C–H, C=O, C–O–H and O–H groups. In addition, biodegradability tests of bioplastic showed that the growth of microbes decreased in the presence of ZnO due to the nature of ZnO as an antibacterial compound. The results showed that ZnO played a key role in reinforcing the physical, mechanical and antibacterial properties of starch-based bioplastic.
Source / Akbar Hanif Dawam Abdullah, Oceu Dwi Putri, Anti Khoerul Fikriyyah, Rossy Choerun Nissa, Syamsul Hidayat, Rahmat Firman Septiyanto, Myrtha Karina & Rahmat Satoto