Efficacy of zinc supplementation on serum calprotectin, inflammatory cytokines and outcome in neonatal sepsis – a randomized controlled trialAbstract:
Objective: To find out the efficacy of zinc supplementation in decreasing the levels of serum calprotectin and inflammatory cytokines with improvement in outcome in neonatal sepsis.
Methods: Neonates with clinical signs suggestive of sepsis and at least two screening tests positive were randomized into two groups – zinc group and control group. The zinc group received 3 mg/kg of zinc sulfate monohydrate twice a day orally for 10 days along with antibiotics. The control group received antibiotics and supportive care. Serum zinc, calprotectin, TNF-α and IL-6 were estimated in serum at recruitment and 10 days later after completion of antibiotics. The babies were monitored daily till discharge and mortality rate was compared between the groups.
Results: Baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. Serum zinc levels were considerably increased in the zinc group after supplementation. There was significant decline in concentrations of serum calprotectin, TNF-α and IL-6 (p < 0.05) in the zinc group. In the control group also, serum calprotectin and IL-6 levels were found to be decreased significantly after antibiotic treatment (p < 0.05), while TNF-α showed insignificant reduction. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to assess the survival time between the groups. The mortality was lower in the zinc group compared to the control group 5 versus 11, p= 0.12.
Conclusion: Neonates with sepsis who received zinc in addition to antibiotics showed significant reduction in serum calprotectin and inflammatory cytokines. Although mortality was lower in zinc group, it was not statistically significant.
PMID 27491377 / Newton Banupriya, Ballambattu Vishnu Bhat, Bosco Dhas Benet, Magadi Gopalakrishna Sridhar, Subash Chandra Parija