Effects of an orally administered mixture of chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine hydrochloride and manganese ascorbate on synovial fluid chondroitin sulfate 3B3 and 7D4 epitope in a canine cruciate ligament transection model of osteoarthritis.Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of an orally administered mixture of chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine hydrochloride and manganese ascorbate (CS-G-M) on articular cartilage metabolism in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) deficient and reconstructed knees, as reflected by concentrations of synovial fluid 3B3, 7D4 and total sulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG).
METHODS: Sixteen adult dogs that underwent unilateral CCL transection were randomized into four groups. Thereafter, group I (N=3) had a sham CCL reconstruction, group II (N=3) had CS-G-M and sham CCL reconstruction, group III (N=5) had CCL reconstruction, and group IV (N=5) had CS-G-M and CCL reconstruction. Synovial fluid collected at 0, 1, 3 and 5 months was examined by ELISA for 3B3 and 7D4 epitope, and by DMMB assay for total GAG.
RESULTS: Synovial fluid from CCL transected knees of CS-G-M treated dogs contained significantly elevated concentrations of 3B3 (P=0.029), 7D4 (P=0.036) and 7D4/GAG (P=0.007) in comparison to controls, in a cross-sectional analysis at 3 months. Furthermore, 7D4 and 7D4/GAG concentrations remained significantly elevated (P=0.012) in CCL transected knees of CS-G-M treated dogs over the 5 month period. However, when epitope concentrations were expressed as a ratio of CCL-transected to contralateral non-operated knee, treatment effect of CS-G-M was no longer significant. Reconstruction of the CCL had no significant effect on synovial fluid epitope.
CONCLUSIONS: Administration of CS-G-M was associated with altered concentrations of 3B3 and 7D4 epitope in synovial fluid, suggesting that these compounds may act to modulate articular cartilage matrix metabolism in vivo.
PMID 11178943 / Johnson KA, Hulse DA, Hart RC, Kochevar D, Chu Q