Effect of additives on electrokinetic properties of colloidal alumina suspensionAbstract:
Additive interactions and their effects on electrokinetic properties of colloidal alumina suspension are presented in this study. Dibasic ammonium citrate (DAC), natural egg albumin, and octanol-2 are chosen as additives. The surface charge behavior of a 5% (w/v) colloidal alumina suspension in the presence of these additives has been studied in detail. The optimum dosage of DAC to have a stable suspension is found to be 3 mg/g of alumina whereas it is 105 and 164 mg/g of alumina for albumin and octanol-2, respectively. Albumin was found to be a better dispersant than DAC and interacts more strongly than DAC with the surface of alumina, while octanol-2 shows physisorbing characteristics. Turbidity measurements indicate that albumin and DAC interact. When the DAC : albumin molar ratio exceeds 10, the turbidity of the solution is higher than the turbidity of pure albumin, indicating the formation of complexes.
PMID 12702429 / Sarama Bhattacharjee 1, Bimal P Singh, Laxmidhar Besra