Ammonium Citrate Tribasic FCC Granular
Jost Code: 2040
Synonyms: Citric acid triammonium salt
Ammonium Citrate Tribasic FCC Granular can be used for electronic etching and other high purity applications. Product specifications, SDSs and certifications are available under Additional Information.
Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2007 Feb
Neutral Ammonium Citrate Extraction of Biosolids Phosphorus
Matching biosolids application rates to crop phosphorus (P) needs requires quantifying the P fertilizer replacement value of biosolids. Neutral ammonium citrate (NAC) extraction of P, used for assessing available P in mineral fertilizers, was evaluated for 35 different biosolids. Biosolids NAC‐P was not statistically different (p=0.05) from total P using strong acid digestion (EPA 3051‐P).… Read Abstract
Studies in Conservation. 2010 Jan
Cleaning Marble with Ammonium Citrate
Ammonium citrate solutions were tested to determine possible damage on marble using two concentrations, four different values of pH and several variations in application. As pH dropped from values of 10 to 7, marble chips immersed in the solutions showed increasing dissolution of calcite, and polished marble tiles to which solutions had been applied showed… Read Abstract
Cambridge University Press. 2019 Mar
Crystal structures of ammonium citrates
The crystal structures of (NH4)H2C6H5O7 and (NH4)3C6H5O7 have been determined using a combination of powder and single crystal techniques. The structure of (NH4)2HC6H5O7 has been determined previously by single crystal diffraction. All three structures were optimized using density functional techniques. The crystal structures are dominated by N-H⋅⋅⋅O hydrogen bonds, though O-H⋅⋅⋅O hydrogen bonds are also… Read Abstract
J AOAC Int. 2003 Jul
Comparison of the ammonium oxalate extraction of fertilizer for K2O, method 983.02, with the ammonium citrate/EDTA extraction, method 993.31
The direct available method for phosphorus in fertilizers, Method 960.03, is an Official Method for extraction of both P2O5 and K2O. Because K2O is much more soluble and easier to extract than P2O5, the conditions of the extraction procedure are set for efficient extraction of P2O5, and the extraction of K2O is, in effect, a… Read Abstract
Chemosphere. 2015 Jan
Ammonium citrate as enhancement for electrodialytic soil remediation and investigation of soil solution during the process
Seven electrodialytic experiments were conducted using ammonium citrate as enhancing agent to remediate copper and chromium-contaminated soil from a wood-preservation site. The purpose was to investigate the effect of current density (0.2, 1.0 and 1.5 mA cm(-2)), concentration of enhancing agent (0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 M) and remediation times (21, 42 and 117 d) for… Read Abstract
J Environ Monitor. 2009 Sep
Temperature effect on nickel release in ammonium citrate.
Leaching in ammonium citrate has been extensively used to assess the fraction of water-soluble nickel compounds present in nickel producing and using workplace aerosols. Leaching in ammonium citrate according to the first step of the Zatka protocol was found to overestimate the water-soluble nickel fraction by more than ten-fold compared to synthetic lung fluid (37… Read Abstract
Poult Sci. 1992 Dec
Correlation of biological value of feed phosphates with their solubility in water, dilute hydrogen chloride, dilute citric acid, and neutral ammonium citrate
Relative biological values (BV) of 36 feed phosphates were determined with female turkeys in bioassays of 21-day duration using three response criteria: weight gain, tibia ash percentage, and gain:feed ratio. Calcium phosphate, dibasic dihydrate (United States Pharmacopeia) was the reference standard. Nine mono-dicalcium phosphates (M-DCP, 21.0% phosphorus), 13 di-monocalcium phosphates (D-MCP, 18.5% phosphorus), and 14… Read Abstract
Chemosphere. 2015 Sep
Combination of powdered activated carbon and powdered zeolite for enhancing ammonium removal in micro-polluted raw water.
Even zeolite is promising in ammonia pollution disposing, its removal efficiency is frequently interfered by organics. As activated carbon has good removal efficiency on organic contaminants, combination of two adsorbents may allow their respective adsorption characteristics into full play. This paper provides a performance assessment of the combination for enhancing ammonium removal in micro-polluted raw… Read Abstract
- Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014 Aug Physical characterisation and long-term stability studies on quaternary ammonium palmitoyl glycol chitosan (GCPQ)--a new drug delivery polymer.
Acta Physiologica. 2015 Jun
Ammonium increases Ca(2+) signalling and upregulates expression of Cav1.2 gene in astrocytes in primary cultures and in the in vivo brain.
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to identify the effects of hyperammonaemia on functional expression of Cav1.2 L-type Ca(2+) channels in astroglia.METHODS: Primary cultures of mouse astrocytes were used to study effects of chronic treatment (1-5 days) with ammonium chloride, at 1, 3 and 5 mm on depolarization-induced increases in free cytosolic Ca(2+)… Read Abstract
Journal of Chromatography A. 2016 Dec
Headspace gas chromatography based methodology for the analysis of aromatic substituted quaternary ammonium salts.
The analysis of quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) using GC is often performed by “in injector” pyrolysis to create volatile degradation products for quantification purposes. Besides the risk of severe system contamination, the application of this approach on aqueous samples is problematic. In this work, the sample is treated in a vial with 2,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) under… Read Abstract
Stem Cells. 2015 Sep
Brief Report: Human Mesenchymal Stem-Like Cells Facilitate Floating Tumorigenic Cell Growth via Glutamine-Ammonium Cycle.
How mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) promote tumor growth remains incompletely understood. Here, we show that mesenchymal stem-like cells (MSLCs) are commonly present in malignant pleural effusion or ascites of cancer patients, where they directly interact with tumor cells. Chemokines and chemokine receptors, especially the CCL2/CCR2 pathway, are involved in this interaction. As a result, MSLCs… Read Abstract
International Journal of Food Microbiology. 2014 May
New insights into the advantages of ammonium as a winemaking nutrient.
Nitrogen limitation is the most common cause for stuck or sluggish fermentation in winemaking, and it is usually dealt with by supplementing grape juice with either ammonium salts or organic nutrients. These practices have a direct impact on both fermentation kinetics and the sensorial features of the final product. The aim of this work is… Read Abstract
Science of the Total Environment. 2019 Jan
Development of a polydimethylsiloxane-thymol/nitroprusside composite based sensor involving thymol derivatization for ammonium monitoring in water samples.
This report describes a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-thymol/nitroprusside delivery composite sensor for direct monitoring of ammonium in environmental water samples. The sensor is based on a PDMS support that contains the Berthelot’s reaction reagents. To prepare the PDMS-thymol/nitroprusside composite discs, thymol and nitroprusside have been encapsulated in the PDMS matrix, forming a reagent release support which significantly… Read Abstract
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America . 2014 Jul
Direct observation of electrogenic NH4(+) transport in ammonium transport (Amt) proteins.
Ammonium transport (Amt) proteins form a ubiquitous family of integral membrane proteins that specifically shuttle ammonium across membranes. In prokaryotes, archaea, and plants, Amts are used as environmental NH4(+) scavengers for uptake and assimilation of nitrogen. In the eukaryotic homologs, the Rhesus proteins, NH4(+)/NH3 transport is used instead in acid-base and pH homeostasis in kidney… Read Abstract
Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. 2018 Dec
Acid Ammonium Citrate as P Extractor for Fertilizers of Varying Solubility
There are several globally accepted methods to chemically characterize P-fertilizers, but not all are suitable to predict the agronomic efficiency of the P sources in terms of plant nutrition. Our aim was to investigate the performance of P extractors for fertilizers, investigating the consistency of different methods for P sources of varying properties and the… Read Abstract
Journal of Experimental Botany. 2017 Mar
Ammonium as a signal for physiological and morphological responses in plants
Ammonium is a major inorganic nitrogen source for plants. At low external supplies, ammonium promotes plant growth, while at high external supplies it causes toxicity. Ammonium triggers rapid changes in cytosolic pH, in gene expression, and in post-translational modifications of proteins, leading to apoplastic acidification, co-ordinated ammonium uptake, enhanced ammonium assimilation, altered oxidative and phytohormonal… Read Abstract